What is vocational training?

What are the terms “vocational training”? Did you hear about it, or has she been highly advised as part of your journey? Every year, vocational training attracts more and more audiences wishing to train themselves in new skills in the world of work. We take stock of vocational training and the actions carried out around this sector in France.

Article plan

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  • Vocational training: definition
    • Two types of vocational training
    • The tasks of vocational training Vocational
  • training: for whom?
    • High school students
  • Initial vocational training
  • Continuing vocational
  • training Vocational training: the actions implemented
  • Alternating vocational training The advantages of

    • alternance training

Vocational training: definition

Technically, vocational training is a training that allows everyone to learn and transmit know-how in order to carry out an activity, a profession. Vocational training is aimed at several types of audiences. Adolescents with school status, university students, unemployed or adults in salariatship.

Two types of vocational training

Vocational training consists of two types of vocational training:

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  • Initial vocational training;
  • Continuing vocational training.

These two types of training are vocational but are different in the sense that they are not aimed at the same people.

The tasks of vocational training

Knowledge, know-how… Vocational training is associated with work, a specific profession, practical learning and the development of a certain technical mastery, in a very specific field.

Vocational training is therefore intended to train learners in a job, a profession .

Vocational training: for whom?

Vocational training is aimed at various audiences.

High school students

For the high school student who already knows what kind of work and occupation he wants to do, vocational training will be carried out in the vocational high school, technical high school or CFA (apprentice training centre) in which the young person is enrolled.

High school students have a well-defined schedule. They alternately follow general courses and technological and vocational education in direct connection with the profession which he chose to learn and exercise later.


Vocational training may be directed to an adult audience, for example, in vocational retraining, or in salaries with CIF /CPF (personal training account).

An adult can be employed in a company and want to train in this or that field. They may want to deepen knowledge , skills or abilities. Vocational training can then enable him to raise his qualification in order to hope to obtain a better salary.

Note : the initiative of vocational training for an employee can be done on his or her part or by the employer.

An adult can also engage in vocational training to evolve or simply make a career shift by redirecting himself. It is then a real An action plan that will have to be put in place toevaluate the individual’s professional project . This corresponds to continuing vocational training: it concerns jobseekers and employees and remains quite advantageous.

Initial vocational training

Initial vocational training consists of three well-defined sectors:

  • Vocational education;
  • Higher education;
  • Learning.

vocational education is done in vocational high school. The young people who follow him then prepare a CAP (certificate of professional fitness), a BEP (vocational studies certificate) or a Bac pro (professional degree).

In universities, students can also benefit from initial vocational training. Indeed, with the Bachelor’s degree in pocket, they may follow a short and professional course or course toobtain a BTS (Higher Technician’s Certificate)or a DUT (University Technological Diploma).

Continuing vocational training

The target audience for continuing vocational training includes employees and jobseekers . The arrangements for accessing vocational training are not at all the same as for initial vocational training.

An employee or employer can equivocally request that the employee undergo vocational training. This allows you to maintain or develop skills, if the goal is to evolve in one’s position or career.

Vocational training is therefore a facilitator of professional mobility . Employees may have access to vocational training via their CPF (personal training account), which has credits that can be converted into hours of training at an accredited centre or certified collecting body.

Vocational training: the actions put in place

In order to carry out a complete follow-up of training and to deliver courses over time and in quality, it is obviously necessary to have a budget, and stakeholders. Teachers or trainers deliver their courses and pass on their know-how, whether it be theoretical knowledge or action through practice.

Vocational training has evolved well and can now be done remotely. With the development of e-learning , vocational training has good days ahead of it. By offering a more free and well-formed course format to a generally motivated audience, vocational training is of great benefit.

The purpose of any vocational training is to issue a diploma or a valid title in the labour market . In order for everyone to find or find a job at their convenience, each vocational training is set up into a real action plan for the beneficiary. Network, internships, contacts… Learners are oriented in a practical and professional way.

Alternating vocational training

Alternating training is at the confluence between continuing vocational training and initial vocational training. It represents a real springboard forprofessional integration . By allowing the beneficiary to alternate periods of theoretical courses and periods of practice and action in companies, the learner has a solid foothold in the professional environment and the reality of the profession.

Thereafter, if the company is satisfied with its alternate, it may decide to offer it a lasting employment contract . The learner begins first with an apprenticeship contract (initial training) or by a professionalization contract (continuing training).

This contract may have a varying duration depending on the training courses. The alternation between school theory and business practice, if well managed, is a real bonus for the alternate . He can then prove himself and prepare himself while validating his professional title.

Advantages of alternating training

In addition to the obvious pedagogical and professional advantages , alternating training has many advantages.

By integrating alternating training, no tuition fees are to be paid, since it is attached to an organization that finances it all through the apprenticeship tax. The learner/alternate receives a salary that can range from 17% to 100% of the SMIC in an apprenticeship contract, and from 55% to 100% of the SMIC for a professionalization contract.

The alternate comes out with a diploma or professional title in pocket, which has a serious and real value in the eyes of employers, if the company he has chosen cannot keep him in contract for this or that reason. Ideal for the continuation, including the recruitment process. Alternating training thus allows you to gain experience while making the network.

Note : An apprentice is not counted in the workforce of a company. The company also pays lower charges . However, the alternate may subsequently be recruited as part of a development of the company’s activity if, however, he cannot be offered a position following his alternation.

Did you know that ? It is it is possible to apply forfinancial aid if training costs the learner too much but seems to be quite adequate.